Schelling Segregation - Social Dynamics
Application area: Social Dynamics
Simulation method: Agent Based
A classical agent based model of a system capable of self-organization. Two groups in the society (e.g. two different races, boys and girls, smokers and non-smokers, etc.) are placed on a chessboard where each square represents a house or a lot, at most one person per lot. A person is happy if he/she has a certain percent of neighbors of the same group. Happy people stay where they are, unhappy move to free locations. Schelling found that the board quickly evolved into a strongly segregated location pattern if the agents' “happiness rules” were specified so that segregation was heavily favored. Surprisingly, however, he also found that initially integrated boards tipped into full segregation even if the agents' happiness rules expressed only a mild preference for having neighbors of their own type. AnyLogic implementation allows you to change the “happiness rules” on-the-fly and watch the effect.
The model was created with AnyLogic - simulation software / Social Dynamics
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